Because of its sheer variety of landscape and townscape, as well as its climate without extremes, Scotland offers a huge range of things to do.
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Mountain biking, sea kayaking, quad biking – wait a minute – do I really have to list them all?
Let’s say from the comparative everyday activity of hiking to extremes such as bungee-jumping, it’s all here. Gosh, don’t I sound like an activity holiday advertisement? Sorry.
Walking In Scotland
Of all the things to do in Scotland, walking in all its forms is probably the most popular.
At one extreme, if you choose, you can scare yourself witless on the climb to fierce and craggy Scottish mountain summits, notably in places such as the Cuillins of Skye, the Aonach Eagach in Glencoe or the Forcan Ridge in Glen Shiel; then there are the famous pinnacles of Liathach in Glen Torridon (There are lots more terrifying places!)
But on the other hand, there are hundreds of other high hills that you can climb in a day without experiencing a twinge of fear! Then there are thousands more lower-level walks, many of them sign-posted.
There are several ‘official’ long-distance footpaths, including the famous West Highland Way and the less well-known Dava Way. Then there are coastal footpaths such as the Moray Firth Trail or the Berwickshire Way.
The Forestry Commission, the government body charged with growing commercial timber, positively encourages you to use its forests for recreation. Signposts and trails galore.
And, in any case, enshrined in legislation is Scotland’s ‘right to roam’. You can walk wherever you choose basically – though that comes with responsibility.
There’s a huge choice. So, on your visit, bring a decent pair of shoes, will you?
Also, in the summer, midge repellent or protection, just in case. (Lots more about midges on this site!)
Oh, and here’s a favourite walk of ours: we reckon it’s a great afternoon walk in the Great Glen with lots of scenic and historic interest. Follow that link for more information!
And here are ten good hillwalks; and some more fine Scottish walks that don’t involve you getting quite so sweaty.
Things to do: Cycling in Scotland
Cyclists may notice that Scotland isn’t flat. Sometimes the wind blows, usually originating from the destination toward which you want to pedal.
(Well, that was a wordy way of saying ‘Aye, it’ll likely be in your face.)
You may also have heard rumours of rain (exaggerated). On the other hand, Scotland has some ‘lightly trafficked’ country roads.
Scotland has a huge mileage of forestry tracks as well as dedicated mountain bike centres (all thanks to the Forestry Commission again.)
Scotland also has more than 2000 miles of National Cycle Routes.
Former railway trackbeds and canal towpaths also play their part in getting cyclists off trafficked roads where – especially in Edinburgh – they can silently pedal up behind walkers with dogs and young children and scare the living daylights out of them by not ringing their bells.
(Oh yes, you can always trust us to take an unbiased and neutral view.)
So, almost in spite of the terrain, Scotland is fairly cyclist friendly and reasonably well resourced (though you can see some terrifying sights as riders mix it with rush hour traffic in certain Scottish cities).
Riding And Trekking
There are lots of parts of Scotland that are decidedly horsey, including, say, Scottish Borders, Perthshire or Aberdeenshire and Moray.
There is an enthusiastic following in Scotland and facilities are very good in terms of riding and trekking centres. A good range of hacking options and riding trails – in some cases signposted – are available.
Throughout Scotland, there are British Horse Society (BHS) approved riding centres and it is also easy to find accommodation if you take your horse on holiday, through the ‘Horses Welcome’ quality assurance scheme. (I have personally never had to queue next to a horse at the breakfast buffet.)
Scotland is also the home of native breeds such as the Highland and Eriskay ponies and it is said that the pastime of pony-trekking was first introduced on Speyside, as a way of using the native ponies outside the deerstalking season.
The ponies are otherwise used to bring dead deer off the hill.
I suppose deer stalking should also be on the list of things to do in Scotland, though it might be simpler to re-introduce wolves and let them get on with deer management.
The image of the waist-deep angler flicking the fly across the rolling waters of some fine Scottish river is more or less iconic. Upmarket angling is one of the classy things to do in Scotland. There are a lot of anglers on a lot of famous rivers.
But it isn’t all about expensive beats with salmon as the quarry.
Aside from the fame of the River Tweed or the Dee, Don or Spey, there are lots more, some with names you might not have heard of – like the Deveron or even the Ugie. And all this before we even start on the lochs.
An afternoon’s fishing on some hill-loch out on the moors…what could be better for the introspective or slightly anti-social? (Only joking, I think.)
Salmon, sea trout, brown trout – wild fish…or go for the stocked rainbow trout on managed waters. Seek local information, get your permits from hotels, or the local village shop.
There are plenty of accommodation packages and fishing holiday companies available too such as Fishpal.
Things to do: Golf
Well, what can I say about golf in Scotland? I mean, that’s not been said before. It’s usually pretty democratic, for a start. Sure, there are exclusive clubs.
But the sport is accessible and popular here, with more golf courses per head of population than anywhere else. (The figure quoted is usually given as ‘more than 400’.)
Links, parkland, moorland…classic Scottish golf. Packages galore are available, sometimes tied in with local hotels.
Hidden gems or famous names, Scotland still promotes itself as the ‘Home of Golf’. Everybody knows that, don’t they?
(By the way, you know that Ireland is pretty good for golf as well?)
More things to do: Wildlife Watching
In any list of things to do in Scotland, the promise of seeing some wildlife spectacle is promoted quite hard: for example, dolphin and whale-watching trips.
Otherwise wildlife isn’t always ‘in your face’. But if you take a look at our page on Scottish birds or our other wildlife pages, you will see that there are some pretty special sights to see.
The gannets of the Bass Rock are a world class spectacle; roaring red deer in the autumn are very atmospheric; flights of over-wintering grey geese likewise.
The Moray Firth bottle-nose dolphins are famous but mostly wildlife encounters in Scotland are more intimate: a red squirrel on the bird feeder; otters unexpectedly on the tide line (though I know of one west coast posh loch-side hotel where they can be viewed from the dining table); or an encounter with a sea eagle on, say, Mull or Skye.
But take the telephoto lens and binoculars anyway – after all you only have to see the number of wildlife reserves looked after by conservation bodies such as the RSPB or SNH to work out that wild Scotland is well worth exploring.
Whisky Distillery Visiting
Malt whisky distilleries are mostly found in Highland Scotland, with the valley of the River Spey as a major centre, and also on the island of Islay off the west coast.
However, no matter where you go in Scotland and want to find out more about Scotland’s national drink, then there should be a distillery within reach.
Many (but not all) have custom-built visitor centres and offer tours and tastings, often an audio-visual presentation, and usually a café and shop where you can buy the malt whisky at the place of its birth.
Plus many now offer detailed tasting sessions when you learn in-depth about blending and nosing – often creating your own sample blend to take home!
Scotland has a great tradition of gardening and horticulture – partly through the work of generations of Scottish plant-hunters, such as David Douglas and George Forrest.
They went abroad to bring back new species and give their names to many familiar garden plants of today. So any list of things to do in Scotland certainly has to include garden visiting.
Scotland’s cool maritime climate favours a very wide range of plants. Just one noted speciality is the magnificent rhododendron and azalea species that thrive here, far from their native Himalayan or Chinese homelands.
There are many notable collections, including those at the Royal Botanic Gardens in Edinburgh and also at Brodick Castle on the island of Arran.
The benign influence of the Gulf Stream also allows many other tender species to thrive at places like Inverewe in the north-west Highlands, and Logan Botanic Gardens in Galloway.
The National Trust for Scotland have many gardens in their care, including the famous Crathes Castle near Aberdeen, while another way for visitors to see the finest collections in private ownership is to view the private gardens open on selected dates through Scotland’s Gardens Scheme.
Things to do: Scottish Shopping
Glasgow is Scotland’s largest city and a major retail centre, statistically speaking, in UK terms.
All of Scotland’s cities have 21st (or late 20th) century covered shopping malls with the usual UK-wide ‘High Street’ names.
In the smaller cities it’s the Eastgate in Inverness, the Thistle Centre in Stirling, St John’s in Perth and so on.
But it’s aside from these high profile places that the most interesting shops are to be found – say: Byres Road and, to a lesser extent, the Merchant City for Glasgow; Stockbridge or Morningside in Edinburgh; Belmont Street and its surroundings for Aberdeen – just as a few examples.
Then there are towns where reasonable numbers of little shops survive: Newton Stewart in Galloway; Kelso or Peebles in the Scottish Borders; Aberfeldy in Perthshire, St Andrews in Fife.
…and then places as disparate as Oban, Kirriemuir, Huntly, Linlithgow, Crieff, Elgin and several more – all worth a stroll around. We like Stromness and Kirkwall in Orkney too.
What to buy? A US client Johanna guided looked at a vast Scottish-themed emporium on the A9 north of Blair Atholl and pursed her lips, then decided she could get that quality more cheaply at home! Just sayin’…
That comment aside though, speciality jewellery is popular, cashmere and lambswool too – and at the cheaper end shortbread and speciality Scottish biscuits – anything with oats!; while Scottish-themed art is also popular – see our comments on this on our Isle of Harris page.
And talking of Harris, yes, tweeds out there are the thing to take home – and, if you ask us, we can even point you to a local lady in the Outer Hebrides who makes Harris tweed collars and dinky leads for wee (or not so wee) doggies.
So, whether you barely get further than the outlets at Loch Lomond Shores, Balloch, or track down the bookshop Achins at Inverkirkaig, far into the North West Highlands, shopping is definitely included in any list of things to do in Scotland.
Some slightly more extreme sports in Scotland
(or, at least, more extreme than shopping)
Ballooning, diving, hang-gliding, surfing, sailing, skiing, water-skiing, sea kayaking and being rolled downhill inside a giant plastic sphere-thing (yes, really, people do want to feel like hamsters) – you can find them all and more.
There are a whole lot of activity providers who are just waiting to show you how. Your starting point for things to do in Scotland should be the Activity Scotland website.
Well, I hope that gives you a good impression of the range of things to do and the activities infrastructure to be found in Scotland.
Lots more ways of spending your time here. Tracing your ancestors, for instance. Or exploring our preserved steam railways.