The short crossing to St Margaret's Hope
The car ferry to Orkney with the shortest crossing time is the MV Alfred, by Pentland Ferries out of Gills Bay. It's only an hour, very comfortable and with lots to see, including an abandoned island and interesting ex-Navy buildings. The Pentland Ferries cafe also does nice soup, we think.
We like Orkney - and the ferry is a vital element in the whole island experience. This page describes the important sea route that connects Gills Bay in Caithness, mainland Scotland, to St Margaret's Hope, South Ronaldsay, mainland Orkney.
Elsewhere on this site (link below) you'll find a description of the Scrabster to Stromness Orkney ferry link, which is longer, sometimes rougher (some say) and more expensive!
However, it is only fair to point out that if going Scrabster to Stromness you get spectacular views of cliffs and the Old Man of Hoy, the famous rock-stack.
While the Gills Bay to St Margaret’s Hope crossing (ie the one described here) is not quite so scenically dramatic it still has lots of interest: deserted islands, the war-time drama of Scapa Flow and so on – so you certainly won’t be bored.
Especially as the total journey time is only around an hour and the ferry has comfy seats and refreshments too.
To avoid confusion, I have to point out that though these ferries run from ‘mainland’ Scotland to Orkney (obviously), when you get to the Orkney archipelago, you find that the largest island is also called ‘Mainland’.
This is totally charming and absolutely appropriate for the way Orkney folk see themselves.
Basically, I think they are saying that Orkney is Orkney and Scotland is somewhere else.
(As for England…..ah well, you can’t help but notice that that’s where quite a few of the present Orkney residents started out from. People seek a better quality of life. That’s just how migrations work everywhere.)
standing on the pier at Gills Bay, looking north and watching a strange looking vessel come into view round the end of the island of Stroma. (It's pictured here.)
There was one slightly disconcerting thing about the MV Pentalina, the vessel that until recently operated on the short crossing between Gills Bay (Scotland) and St Margaret’s Hope (Orkney).
After the ferry has disgorged its southbound vehicles, it’s easy to board. (Foot passengers have priority, which is nice.)
The journey is under an hour, due north, across the Pentland Firth. The number of lighthouses you see on the way gives an indication of how important this passage between the North Sea and the Atlantic still is.
The Firth hereabouts has for long had a reputation for fierce tides that funnel into the strait. You may already have seen this if you’ve taken in Duncansby Head Lighthouse on your far north of Scotland wanderings.
Under certain conditions and states of the tide, the whole sea seems to move like a fast-flowing river round the headland here, with Gills Bay off to the west. In this strait at the top of mainland Scotland, the Atlantic Ocean meets the North Sea.
But the ferry smoothly takes all this in her stride as she heads out from the quayside and forges past the island of Stroma with its scattering of houses (pictured here). All are deserted, as the last permanent inhabitants left in the early 1960s.
Preposterous but true: in1958 Stroma was offered as a prize to the US tv quiz show Bid 'n' Buy by its then owner, an umbrella manufacturer from Yorkshire.
Stroma - from the Norse meaning 'island in the tidal-stream' stands in the huge currents between ocean and sea, with tidal races at each end. The northerly tide-race is called The Swilkie and is well seen from the ferry.
The vessel passes equally close to the smaller island of Swona. Its last residents left in 1974, though the descendants of the cattle they left behind still survive in a feral state (and have been scientifically studied in consequence).
Swona is well into the southern approach to Scapa Flow. This stretch of water, with islands all around, was formerly an important anchorage for the Royal Navy in both World Wars – the deserted watchtowers and various look-outs on Hoxa Head, plain on the starboard side, (pictured here) are a reminder.
There are empty military buildings here from both these conflicts, on the headlands on either side of Hoxa Sound through which you sail.
U-Boat Attack On Scapa Flow
In fact, here’s a bit for military historians.
In October 1918, the German U-boat U116 gained the distinction of being the last U-boat casualty of WWI.
It was also the only submarine ever sunk by a minefield that was controlled from the shore.
Intent on attacking the fleet within the Flow, the vessel entered Hoxa Sound in the darkness of evening and was detected by the hydrophone station at Stanger Head, on the island of Flotta on the west or opposite side of the Sound from Hoxa Head.
With the defences thoroughly alerted, searchlights later picked up its periscope. Given its location, the minefield near Roan Head, beyond Stanger Head on Flotta, was activated, with fatal consequences to the U-boat and all its crew.
As the ferry swings to starboard towards St Margaret’s Hope, you will become aware, off to port, of the sheer size of the anchorage at Scapa Flow, now silent, peaceful and probably empty, except perhaps for a tanker or two.
They are waiting to load oil from the terminal on Flotta. Within a few minutes, the ship reverses to her quayside berth and the ramp goes down.
As well as wartime heritage (with the Scapa Flow Visitor Centre and Museum on Hoy an Orkney must see), as you come ashore in St Margaret’s Hope, South Ronaldsay, you should have a long list of other themes, especially prehistory and wildlife. But that’s a story for other pages.
Finally, on the subject of ferries, this time inter-island ones, the short crossing from Tingwall on the Orkney mainland brings you to the Egypt of the North – Rousay. Lot’s of information about this fascinating island if you follow the link.