- Great Glen
Don't rush past this one.
A rewarding walk to a half-forgotten bridge that saw the first military action from Bonnie Prince Charlie's supporters in the 1745 rebellion.
The best walk in the Great Glen!
Towards the south end of Scotland’s Great Glen, the passing tourists stop in the thousands every year to look up at a statue, a group of three figures.
This is, of course, the Famous Commando Memorial.
It recalls the efforts and sacrifices made during World War II by this elite band of soldiers.
The monument is a creation of great presence and effectiveness, completely in keeping with the scale of the panorama it overlooks - the very training ground of these men.
Observe the visitors of all nationalities. They spill out of tour buses or cars, walk the short way to the base, take photographs all around, read the inscriptions, then turn and depart. But there’s more here than meets the eye.
The Half-Forgotten High Bridge
Probably fewer than one in a hundred visitors even spot the signpost that lies beyond the carpark, and a few paces away to the west of the main monument.
This points to a well-made path that leads to the scene of an earlier conflict - at a place that now stands only as a ruin half-hidden by trees.
If you have an hour or two to spare the High Bridge is a Great Glen must see.
Right, you have an hour or two? And trainers or comfortable footwear? Leave the car at the Commando Memorial carpark and come with us…
We are going to see the High Bridge, which some maps and signposts is ‘Highbridge’.
The path is well-constructed and starts by circling west round the moorland into woods. (Keep your dog on a lead as there are sheep about.)
The walkway then changes direction and comes back eastward again. You soon arrive at the trackbed of a long-vanished railway.
Follow the line of the track west, with the hollow rumble of a rocky river bed heard nearby, through the oaks and birch trees. Suddenly you’re there.
There’s an information board and you’ll find yourself looking down on an arch and the broken piers of a roadway. This is the High Bridge.
At one time this three arched but now ruined bridge had an inscription on it.
"In the ninth year of His Majesty King George II this bridge was erected under the care of Lt General Wade, Commander in Chief of all Forces in North Britain, 1736."
An early example of the use of North Britain to mean Scotland. Many Scots still find this usage offensive.
What was the High Bridge?
It was the tallest bridge amongst those built as part of the network of military roads - ‘Wade’s Roads’ - created to aid the movement of troops in the garrisoning of the Highlands back in the 18th century.
(The government in far-off Westminster, London, England, had been nervous for decades, considering the Highlands to be a potential source of armed clansmen sympathetic to a certain cause.) The bridge was completed in 1737.
He intended to take the crown from the Protestant House of Hanover line of monarchs.
This aim found much sympathy and support in Catholic countries such as France and Spain.
The last Stuart king, James VII, (Charles’ grandfather), deposed in 1688, was remembered in the name of the movement: known as Jacobitism. (Latin Jacobus = James.)
The Prince arrived in Scotland, looking for support, in 1745. His campaign - a civil war - ended at the Battle of Culloden in the following year, famously the last battle fought on Scottish (or English) soil.
The last Jacobite uprising is often known as ‘The ‘45’ to distinguish it from earlier attempts to seize the throne.
The Prince Lands On Scottish Soil...
As soon as news reached the clans that this claimant to the throne was in Scotland, some of them took Charles’ side.
Others supported the government. In the Great Glen, amongst others, the MacDonalds (Macdonnells) of Keppoch were sympathetic to the Prince’s cause.
Imagine the scene. The Prince is coming in from the west. (He’s about to sail up Loch Shiel to rally the clans at Glenfinnan.) The sympathetic man on the ground locally and with some clout is Alexander Macdonnell of Keppoch.
He has heard there is a company of government soldiers marching down the glen from Fort Augustus, using the military road, naturally. They have been recently recruited and formed into two companies of the Royal Regiment of Foot. (They later became the Royal Scots.)
Anyway, Scotland is buzzing. Government troops are given hurried marching orders to quell the threat of Highland insurrection. This particular army group needs to travel 25 miles to bolster the garrison at Fort William.
And they have to do it in one day as the countryside is hostile. Apart from the officers - two captains - the squad on the march is new to the army and nervous.
The Skirmish At High Bridge
On the Prince's side and wasting no time, Alexander Macdonnell sends his cousin Donald Macdonnell of Tirnadris to the strategically important High Bridge.
Donald gathers eleven men and a piper and they all arrive at the south end of the bridge. In those days it was overlooked by an inn, where the clansmen gather.
On comes the government military company from the north, down to the crossing place...
The Macdonnell piper strikes up his pipes, while the rest of the opposing Highlanders dart around the inn and through the trees nearby, yelling and making lots of noise and giving the impression they are a much bigger force.
On the far bank, the raw and spooked recruits come to an untidy halt in spite of their captain’s orders to cross. His name was Scott. He sends his servant and a sergeant over the bridge to find out what is going on.
The army company is twitchy...
The Highlanders promptly grab them and drag them out of sight…
This is enough for Captain Scott and his timid crew. They all retreat back up the glen. The clansmen open fire and Scott forms his men into a moving hollow square on the road.
The Macdonnells leave cover and, now reinforced by more clansmen, cautiously pursue the retreating government forces.
Long story, more shots are fired, and the whole affair then becomes a total shambles for this particular squad of the (ahem) British Army.
You can read some of this on the information board on the trackbed by the bridge.
The site is quite difficult to photograph in summer, because of the foliage, but when you’ve taken the pics you want and enjoyed the sylvan setting continue on your way along the former railway.
The Sad Tale Of The Fort Augustus Railway
Old railway trackbeds are always good to walk on because the gradients are always easy!
This particular one connected Spean Bridge (and thus Fort William) to Fort Augustus, further up the Great Glen.
It was originally conceived with the intention of running all the way to Inverness - and what a trip that would have been! Imagine looking for the Loch Ness Monster from the comfort of a railway carriage.
Instead, the ill-fated Fort Augustus railway became a prototype for a failed venture, encountering financial difficulties and also legal obstructions.
The more powerful Highland Railway had already ensconced itself in Inverness via Perth and Aviemore and did not want another line approaching Inverness from the south. It fought a legal battle to prevent the 'incursion'.
Anyway, the last passengers travelled this way in 1933. (There’s more on Scottish steam here, but only for those with anoraks of a certain age.)
Shortly, you see the piers of what was once a grand viaduct over the River Spean rise out of the greenery. (One walk, two abandoned historic bridges!)
Then your path rises gently across the moor and scattered woods. Pick yourself a bit of bog myrtle, there’s plenty of it hereabouts - and it is said to help keep midges away.
Soon you’re on the noisy main road to walk back uphill on a pavement to the Commando Memorial.
Reflect as you go that the Culloden Battlefield beside Inverness is a major visitor attraction, operated by the National Trust of Scotland.
There - if you haven’t already - you can learn all about the Jacobites who supported the hot-headed Prince and his futile cause. It’s a great visit if you want to understand Scotland’s past.
The easy walk to the north side of the High Bridge as described is just a great way to get to known Highland landscape and history.
Yet, compared to the end of the last Jacobite rebellion - on a sleety moor outside Inverness in 1746 - the events here on the military road across the River Spean, where the ‘45 started, seem half-forgotten.
You’ll certainly get this impression if you want to take a look at the ruins of the High Bridge from the south side. (It’s signed ‘Highbridge’ from the main road south of Spean Bridge.)
You’ll find nowhere to park, though the spot is marked on the roadside by a cairn erected as recently as 1994 by the 1745 Association.
Scramble down to the bridge from the cairn at your peril! There once were duckboards, now in a treacherous state. The military road down to the bridge is all but blocked with fallen trees.
It’s a neglected historic site - a long way from the ‘razzmatazz’ of the visitor centre at Culloden!
Here are some more places associated with Bonnie Prince Charlie.